Eco-Atkins Ketogenic Diet

“Eco-Atkins” plant-based, low-carbohydrate diets-might not only lower weight but also lower blood levels of LDL cholesterol and elevate HDL-C, a one-month study suggests.

The study investigated 44 overweight men and women with hyperlipidaemia who were randomised to the low-carb “eco-Atkins” diet or to a lacto-ovo vegetarian version of the DASH diet.

While individuals in both groups lost a “fairly dramatic” 4 kg, those following the “eco-Atkins” diet had a greater decrease in LDL-C. The study message is:”Use more plant foods to lower LDL-C-whether it is oils, proteins, carbohydrates, or fiber”.

 

“We conclude that low-carbohydrate diets emphasising vegetable sources of protein, such as gluten, soy, and nuts, together with vegetable oils, can be used in weight-reduction diets to improve serum lipid concentrations,” the researchers write.

The dietary dilemma is choosing the optimal proportion of fat, protein, and carbohydrate for weight loss plus cholesterol-lowering can be a dilemma.

A low-carb, high-meat diet-such as the Atkins diet-can induce weight loss, lower triglycerides, and raise HDL-C levels, but it also tends to increase LDL-C levels. On the other hand, a high-carb, low-animal-product diet lowers cardiovascular and pathological ageing risk factors.

 

To determine weight loss and the effect on serum lipid concentrations from a low-carb diet where plant sources replace animal-based proteins and fats, the researchers compared the “eco-Atkins” diet with a control diet.

The “eco-Atkins” diet replaces meat, eggs, and butter with plant-based nutrients, which makes it more ecologically friendly in terms of the use of land resources and the cost of agriculture.

This test diet provided the minimum level of carbs recommended by the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine-130 g/day-by eliminating starch-based bread, rice, and potatoes but including high-fiber oat-bran cereal and vegetables such as okra and egg plant. Protein sources included nut bread and tofu. Fats included olive oil, nuts, and avocados.

The researchers compared this with a positive control diet that would be expected to benefit heart health. The control diet extended the DASH diet in that it allowed low-fat dairy products, egg substitutes, and whole-grain products but eliminated rather than reduced meat consumption.

The researchers studied 44 overweight men and women with hyperlipidaemia. The subjects were randomised to the test diet-27% carbohydrates, 30% protein, and 43% fat-or control diet-58% carbohydrates, 17% protein, and 25% fat. All diets were designed to provide 60% of estimated calorie requirements. Prepared diet foods were shipped to the subjects.

Weight loss was similar in both groups. However, those in the low-carb, plant-based diet group had greater reductions in LDL-C levels and in the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-C. They also had more beneficial changes in apolipoprotein levels and small but significantly greater changes in blood pressure.

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4 thoughts on “Eco-Atkins Ketogenic Diet

    • Hi Sammie

      Yes the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is a flexible and balanced eating plan. DASH was one of three eating plans that were compared in research studies sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI).

      The goal of this research was to study the effects of diet on high blood pressure. The results showed that the DASH eating plan lowers blood pressure. The plan:

      •Is low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and total fat
      •Focuses on fruits, vegetables, and fat-free or low-fat dairy products
      •Is rich in whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, seeds, and nuts
      •Contains fewer sweets, added sugars and sugary beverages, and red meats than the typical American diet
      The DASH eating plan also is lower in sodium (salt) than the typical American diet. The DASH research showed that an eating plan containing 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day lowered blood pressure. An eating plan containing only 1,500 mg of sodium per day even further lowered blood pressure.

      Essentially this is a completely different stye of eating compared to the “low cabohydrate style diets” which are most effective for specific physiologiy with “Insulin Resistance” (carbohydrate intolerance) and metabolic syndrome.

      Regards Cardiologydoc

  1. The first phase of the Atkins Diet Plan is the Introduction Phase and must be followed for at least two weeks. You are only allowed to consume 20 grams of carbs a day. You can load up on as much red meat, chicken, fish, cheese, eggs, mayo, cream, and butter. It is during this phase that your body switches from the burning fat to burning carbs. `

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    • Hi John

      The “Eco-Atkins” low carbohydrate style of eating tends to focus on more “healthy fats” (macadamia nuts; mature cheese; oily fish with high oemga 3; avo etc) rather than saturated and trans fats. The aim is to get 60% of calcories from this fat; 30% calories from protein and 10% calories from carbohydrate. One has to be very careful to NOT overdo the protein load. The time frame to ketosis is about the same 2-4 week on average depending on how low you go with the daily carbohydrate and how much exercise you do during this transition period from burning glucose to burning ketones.

      Regards

      Cardiologydoc

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